This April 2015 report, published in the New York Times, carefully reviews evidence of the APA's complicity with the Bush White House and the CIA in support of the "enhanced" interrogation program.
The APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles, and specific Ethical Standards.
This resolution was passed by the APA Council of Representatives in August 2007.
This referendum of APA members passed in September 2008, with 59% of those who voted supporting new prohibitions on psychologists' working in detainee settings.
This June 2008 report from Physicians for Human Rights provides medical evidence that confirms first-hand accounts of men who endured torture by US personnel in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Guantánamo Bay. These men were never charged with any crime.
The principles presented emerged from a September 2015 workshop involving psychologists, physicians, and social science professionals; military and intelligence professionals; and attorneys, ethicists, and human rights advocates.
This 2004 report includes Appendix F, which provides the September 2003 draft guidelines for the Office of Medical Services regarding medical and psychological support to detainee interrogations.
This 2013 report is a comprehensive, bipartisan investigation into the detention and treatment of suspected terrorists detained by the U.S. government during the Clinton, Bush and Obama administrations.
Frank Summers, the president of APA Division 39 (Psychoanalysis), sent this letter to the APA Ethics Office in February 2014 expressing grave concern over the decision to close the ethics case against Guantanamo psychologist John Leso.
An electronic file of the PENS task force listserv proceedings became publicly available on May 8, 2009, through ProPublica, Journalism in the Public Interest.
In October 2009, four APA members filed a formal complaint according to Rule 90-1, calling for the appointment of a Committee on Constitutional Issues; President Bray refused to appoint such a committee.
This June 2010 report from Physicians for Human Rights indicates that health professionals engaged in research on detainees that violates the Geneva Conventions, The Common Rule, the Nuremberg Code and other international and domestic prohibitions against illegal human subject research and experimentation.
This report, which examines collusion between the American Psychological Association and the Department of Defense and CIA, was issued in July 2015 after a seven-month investigation by attorney David Hoffman and his colleagues.
This February 2007 report from the International Committee of the Red Cross details the findings and recommendations of the ICRC following its visits to fourteen "high value detainees" transferred to Guantanamo in September 2006.
This August 2007 report from Physicians for Human Rights and Human Rights First shows that the authorization of "enhanced" interrogation techniques, whether practiced alone or in combination, may constitute torture and/or cruel and inhuman treatment and consequently place interrogators at serious legal risk of prosecution for war crimes and other violations.
This June 2005 report stated that "it is consistent with the APA Ethics Code for psychologists to serve in consultative roles to interrogation and information-gathering processes for national security-related purposes" and that "psychologists are in a unique position to assist in ensuring that these processes are safe and ethical for all participants."
This June 2004 report from Human Rights Watch details the policies and decisions of the Bush Administration that led to the abuse at Abu Ghraib and elsewhere.
The Senate Armed Services Committee conducted this inquiry on detainee treatment on November 20, 2008 and released the report on April 22, 2009.
The Senate Intelligence Committee investigated the Central Intelligence Agency's detention and interrogation program and released the executive summary of its report on December 9, 2014.
The Convention, adopted in 1984, prohibits torture, as well as cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, committed by state actors or those acting with the consent or acquiescence of the state, “for the purpose of obtaining information or a confession, or to punish on suspicion of a crime, or to intimidate or coerce.”
This Army Field Manual issued in September 2006 governs interrogations by military personnel and by U.S. personnel in a military facility. It includes procedures for the screening and interrogation of prisoners of war and unlawful combatants.